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Phone:
931-551-9898

Email:
parkwayanimalclinic@gmail.com

Address:
909 McClardy Rd.
Clarksville, TN 37042
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OFFICE HOURS

Monday - Friday:
7:30am - 5:30pm

Saturday:
7:30am - Noon

24 Hour Emergency Care Available

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    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

    Listed below are frequently asked questions we've compiled over the years. You can click any question to automatically scroll the page to the answer. If you have a question you think should be in our FAQ, please click here to send to us.

    How old does a puppy or kitten need to be before spaying or neutering?
    What are the advantages of spaying or neutering?
    What are heartworms?
    What are tapeworms?
    How do I housebreak my puppy?
    How effective is dentistry?
    Why is my dog urinating in my house?
    Why is my cat urinating outside his/her litter box?
    How do I get my dog to lose weight?
    Why does my dog shake his head and why does his ears smell bad?
    How do I keep fleas and ticks off my animals and out of my house?
    What is the best way to introduce a new puppy or new kitten to the rest of the household?
    How old is my dog in human years?
    Can you do anything for my dog's arthritis?
    Is anesthesia safe?
    Why does my dog drink a lot of water?

    How old does a puppy or kitten need to be before spaying or neutering?
    While these procedures can be performed at any age there are advantages to doing them as kittens or puppies. We like to see them finish their shots first, then do the procedure any time after puppy and kitten vaccinations. Research has clearly proven that females spayed early are much less likely to suffer from breast cancer later in life.

    What are the advantages of spaying or neutering?
    Females rarely have breast disease if spayed before their first heat cycle. Additionally, you no longer have to deal with heat periods or worry about uterine disease. Temperament is usually improved and the chance of aggressive behavior is lessened. Neutered male dogs also have improved behavior with less aggression and fighting. They will have little interest in female dogs in heat and tend to stay at home better rather than roam. Prostate disease is usually eliminated.

    What are heartworms?
    Heartworms are large parasites living in the circulatory system, usually the pulmonary arteries. They are acquired via the bite of infected mosquitoes but can easily be prevented with monthly medication. Heartworm disease can be severe and life threatening.

    What are tapeworms?
    Tapeworms are intestinal parasites that may result in weight loss or digestive disturbances. The flea is the intermediate host for one type of tapeworm; therefore, good flea control will help eliminate that particular type. Other tapeworms can be acquired when pets prey on other mammals that may have a tapeworm.

    How do I housebreak my puppy?
    Housebreaking is a process that requires time, attention and patience. Establish regular and consistent meal times and expect your dog to need a visit to his potty area soon after eating. Using the same place for potty time consistently will help. With puppies take them frequently to their potty place. A crate is a very effective tool used in house-training. By their nature canines are "denning" animals and the crate becomes their safe refuge. Most dogs learn not to soil their crate. Use it when supervision is not possible as at bedtime. Clean up accidents with a good odor neutralizer to minimize the temptation to repeat the accident. Reward success with praise and maybe a small treat.

    How effective is dentistry?
    Dentistry is an incredibly effective procedure. Of all the things we do as veterinarians to improve the quality and length of a pets' life dentistry is the most cost effective. Research shows we can add as much as 2-3 years with good oral cavity health. And nobody likes bad breath in pets!

    Why is my dog urinating in my house?
    Dogs who begin to have accidents in the house may have some type of genital or urinary tract disease such as a bladder infection or prostate disease. Accidents in unneutered dogs may be a sign of territorial marking behavior. If accompanied by increased thirst accidents may be a sign of metabolic disease such as diabetes or a kidney ailment.

    Why is my cat urinating outside his/her litter box?
    Cats who suddenly refuse to use the box may be expressing territorial marking behavior if they have seen or heard another cat outdoors. Some cats can develop urinary tract disease such as a bladder infection. The cause may be a simple as a dirty litter box or a new type of litter that your cat doesn't like. Make sure you have at least one box for every cat in the household. Cats can also develop diabetes or kidney disease that could disrupt normal litter box habits.

    How do I get my dog to lose weight?
    Weight loss in pets is best accomplished with a dual approach: diet and exercise. Either alone is good but both are better. All major pet food manufacturers produce a diet food that is lower in fat and calories or you can accomplish the same thing with portion control of the food you already use. The weight loss pet foods, however, are usually effective and make it easier but you still have to watch the portion you feed. We think two daily meals are better than one large feeding. If you dog has been a couch potato begin an exercise program gradually and build up as stamina and strength improve. Dogs maintained at the proper weight are much less likely to develop chronic disease and crippling arthritis. You may feel free to use our scales if you need a means to monitor your pet's weight. Older dogs should also have their thyroid hormone levels checked to be sure low levels are not contributing to the weight problem.

    Why does my dog shake his head and why does his ears smell bad?
    Ear infections are quite common in dogs especially those breeds with long hair or long floppy ears. The conditions can be quite painful and produce exudates that are often smelly. Dogs have an extensive deep ear canal that makes a good incubator for germ growth. An exam will let us know how best to correct the problem. Many ear infections may be triggered by allergies.

    How do I keep fleas and ticks off my animals and out of my house?
    If you have a good flea/tick control program you should have no worries about home invasion. We have many options for control that are highly effective. We can tailor one specifically for your pet based on lifestyle and environment. We have products that we know work. We can train you how to use them safely. These external parasites all cause misery and can carry many nasty diseases. With the products we have available today no pet need suffer with fleas or ticks or the threat from the diseases they carry.

    What is the best way to introduce a new puppy or new kitten to the rest of the household?
    When you bring a new pet into a home where pets are already established, it is not unusual for resentment and friction to occur initially. Be sure to supervise introductions until you determine how well the newcomer is accepted. There may be no problem whatsoever. If there are signs of aggression be sure to avoid contact. One easy way to do this is to utilize a crate. The same crate may be used for house-training. Simply put your new pet in the crate and let them visit through the crate door. Once they seem to be used to the presence of the newcomer gradually supervise short periods of contact. In most cases acceptance will take place in a few days; persistent aggression is more likely in unneutered pets.

    How old is my dog in human years?
    We have seen many charts and graphs that attempt to compare age equivalency between pets and people. Dogs and cats are slightly different and in the dog longevity is inversely related to size. In other words, the larger your dog the shorter is his/her expected lifespan. The following charts may be helpful.

    Cats Humans
    6 mos. 8 yr.
    9 mos. 12 yr.
    1 yr. 16 yr.
    3 yr. 27 yr.
    5 yr. 35 yr.
    7 yr. 43 yr.
    9 yr. 51 yr.
    11 yr. 59 yr.
    13 yr. 67 yr.
    15 yr. 75 yr.
    17 yr. 83 yr.
    19 yr. 91 yr.
    21 yr. 99 yr.
    22 yr. 103 yr.

     

    Dogs Human Equivalent Based on Weight
    Age of Dog 0-20 LBS 20-50 LBS 50-90 LBS >90 LBS
    6 40 42 45 49
    7 44 47 50 56
    8 48 51 55 64
    9 52 56 61 71
    10 56 60 66 78
    11 60 65 72 86
    12 64 69 77 93
    13 68 74 82 101
    14 72 76 88 108
    15 76 83 93 115
    16 80 87 99 123
    17 84 92 104
    18 88 96 109
    19 92 101 115
    20 96 105 120

     

    Can you do anything for my dog's arthritis?
    Arthritis and other degenerative joint conditions are crippling and painful greatly reducing the quality of life in our pets. The single most important factor in managing arthritis is weight control (see FAQ about losing weight). We also tailor management programs using anti-inflammatory and pain medications as well as supplements for joint protection and judicious use of exercise.

    Is anesthesia safe?
    Anesthetics and sedatives are necessary often to accomplish some procedure, diagnostic test or surgery. This creates an "artificial" state to comfortably allow these services to happen. We use modern inhalant anesthetics delivered with oxygen. These methods themselves are quite safe but we can also perform pre-anesthetic blood testing before anesthesia is given. These tests measure blood counts and several parameters of your pet's blood chemistry. We also electronically monitor vital functions during the procedure, an early warning system that alerts us if something is not right. While we don't make these mandatory we recommend them, they are very affordable, and when we utilize them we know we have made the procedure as safe as possible.

    Why does my dog drink a lot of water?
    Dogs (and cats) may drink a lot of water when the weather is warmer, especially outdoor dogs. If the water consumption has markedly changed it could be a sign of some metabolic condition such as diabetes or adrenal gland disease. Diagnostic blood tests and urinalysis are helpful at arriving at the the cause of your pet's increased water consumption.